Last Sunday, The New York Times uncovered how consumers can unknowingly play a part in wage theft of exploited workers. Reporter Sarah Maslin Nir was having her nails done one day and asked the salon worker what her schedule is like. The manicurists stated that she works 24 hours a day, with naps, 6 days a week and not paid minimum wage. Maslin’s research uncovered that the price of nails in New York City was far less than the national average and began to connect the dots between exploited immigrants and the real price of a manicure.
Federal Law requires that employees be paid minimum wage for all hours worked. However, sometimes employers pay employees using more elaborate forms such as a “piece rate” or a “salary”. This can lead to issues for employees where the “piece rate” falls below the state or federal minimum wage. For example, overtime is calculated at time-and-a-half the “regular rate”. The regular rate must include all compensation, other than overtime compensation. See: Hisle v. Todd Pac. Shipyards, 151 Wn.2d 853, 862-63, 93 P.3d 108 (2004). This is then divided by the total hours worked during the workweek, so that the pay can be expressed as an hourly rate on which the 50% overtime premium can be calculated. Alternatively, employees can be paid a “salary”, but when divided by the number of hours the employee works and the per hour rate falls below the minimum wage, an illegal practice occurs.
The New York Times' article highlights how the price of many consumer goods or services do not reflect the real price of the good or service. For example, the Washington Supreme Court is likely to issue their ruling on if or how fruit pickers in Eastern Washington should be paid for rest breaks. Washington’s law requires a 10 minute rest break for each four hours worked under WAC 296-126-092(4), however Sakuma Farms employees paid per basket or bushel complain of never receiving pay for their rest. A new ruling that mandates this pay may have a financial impact to farmers and consumers alike, where the price of blueberries rises to the real price.
 The 2015 Federal Minimum Wage is $7.25.
 “Work” is not defined by the Washington Minimum Wage Act or the Fair Labor Standards Act, and is defined through case law as that which is pursued predominantly for the employer’s benefit, even though it confers a benefit on the employee. See, e.g.: Tennessee Coal, Iron & Railroad Co. v. Muscoda Local 123, 321 U.S. 590, 598, 64 S. Ct. 698 (1944) (defining work as “physical or mental exertion (whether burdensome or not) controlled or required by the employer and pursued necessarily and primarily for the benefit of the employer and his business”).